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When James Buchanan Duke bought Rough Point from Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark (the former Mrs. William B. Leeds) in 1922, the Great Hall looked considerably different. It was dark wood from floorboards to ceiling rafters, with openings to the second floor through arches, balconies, and oriel windows — an appropriate "look" for the English manor style of the house as originally designed around 1890 for Frederick W. Vanderbilt by Boston architects Peabody & Stearns.

Horace Trumbauer, the Philadelphia architect whom Mr. Duke hired to renovate and enlarge the house, brought light and greater formality to the space with marble floors, molded plaster ceilings, an entire wall of windows facing the ocean, and an expansive space for hanging large works of art above newly made English oak paneling. Of all the rooms in the house, this one most closely preserves the late Gilded Age grandeur of the 1920s renovation, in large part because the three large Renaissance tapestries that Mr. Duke bought for Rough Point in 1923 from the New York art dealer Joseph Duveen still hang imposingly on its upper walls.

Like her father, Doris Duke used the Great Hall as an art gallery and hung in this space some of the most important Old Master paintings that she purchased in the 1960s and 1970s alongside paintings inherited from her parents. Of special note is the double or "friendship" portrait by Van Dyck on the far north wall, which Duke bought in 1963 and then hung opposite a Gainsborough portrait of Raphael Franco, a Jewish gem merchant, that her father purchased in London in 1910. Elsewhere in the room you see evidence of several other interests of Doris Duke as a collector and decorator, especially in the Chinese ceramics and the curiosity cabinet under Rough Point's very own "girl with a pearl earring" — the Portrait of a Young Woman by one of the most successful students of Rembrandt, the Dutch painter Ferdinand Bol.

Wingchairs in the William and Mary style

Covered Jar depicting a celebration of longevity by the Daoist Eight Immortals

Portrait of Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport and George, Lord Goring by Van Dyck

Portrait of Raphael Franco by Gainsborough

Infant Christ Asleep by Duquesnoy

Curiosity cabinet

Portrait of a Young Woman by Bol

Tapestry with scenes of amorous couples

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